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Richmond Campus Library: ENGL 102 Information Literacy Cycle


The purpose of this guide to to provide students with an overview of the resources available on the Richmond Campus, in print and in the Virtual Library as well as suggestions for Internet resources that will provide current, accurate, and authoritative information to support the outcomes, competencies, and skills outlined in the assessments. Students are encouraged to use these sources both for the information itself and as a starting point for independent research on the topic. At any point in the process, students are encouraged to communicate often with their instructor and the BSC librarians for clarification and help.

Library Resources Search

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Search our new Enterprise Online Catalog for both print and electronic research sources.

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Check out, download, request holds, and stay tuned for more fun ways to access and use your library resources. Questions? Stop in, call, or send us email anytime. We are here to help!

Great Databases for a Persuasive Essay

If you want to persuade your reader, try searching these individual databases which contain articles with a very specific point of view.

How to Evaluate Your Sources

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Information Literacy Cycle

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What is information literacy?

..."recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information." (Association of College and Research Libraries, 2016)

Steps in the information literacy cycle:

  1. Determine what information is needed
    1. Create an essential question
  2. Access the needed information effectively and efficiently
    1. Decide which type of source is needed and which tool should be used to find it
  3. Evaluate the information and its sources critically
    1. Apply the CRAP evaluation criteria to your source
  4. Incorporate selected information into your knowledge base
    1. Carefully select facts you find in the source to enhance your own writing
  5. Use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose
    1. Use the facts to prove your point: to inform or persuade the reader
  6. Understand the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information, and access and use information ethically and legally
    1. Always cite the source of any information you use in your writing   

BSC APA & Research Guides

How to Read a Journal Article

A lighthearted look at the basics of reading scholarly journal articles.

CRAP Test? How to Evaluate Your Sources

OWL at Purdue

Owl at Purdue - Everything You Need to Know about Writing!

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Purdue OWL: Online Writing Lab

The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. Students, members of the community, and users worldwide will find information to assist with many writing projects. Teachers and trainers may use this material for in-class and out-of-class instruction.

Evaluating Information using the CRAAP Test